General Maintenance & Repair Worker Career Information

The following information is from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, General Maintenance and Repair Workers. Please visit the website for a more comprehensive breakdown of the data.


General maintenance and repair workers fix and maintain machines, mechanical equipment, and buildings. They paint, repair flooring, and work on plumbing, electrical, and air-conditioning and heating systems.

Job Duties

  • Maintain and repair machines, mechanical equipment, and buildings
  • Fix or replace faulty electrical switches, outlets, and circuit breakers
  • Inspect and diagnose problems and figure out the best way to correct them
  • Perform routine preventive maintenance to ensure that machines continue to run smoothly
  • Assemble and set up machinery or equipment
  • Plan repair work using blueprints or diagrams
  • Do general cleaning and upkeep of buildings and properties
  • Order supplies from catalogs and storerooms
  • Meet with clients to estimate repairs and costs
  • Keep detailed records of their work


National Average Annual Pay (2019): $41,960

Top 5 States

1. Alaska


2. Connecticut


3. Massachusetts


4. Hawaiʻi


5. Nevada


Bottom 5 States

50. Mississippi


49. Arkansas


48. West Virginia


47. Oklahoma


46. Alabama



Maintenance and repair workers often learn the skills on the job. Workers receive training from supervisors and watch to see how things are done.

Vocational and trade schools also offer courses in this trade, or they offer other trades where these skills are taught. Maintenance workers do a variety of work such as electrical, plumbing, heating, air-conditioning, painting, and roofing. You will need a good working knowledge of many repair and maintenance tasks.

While you don’t need to be licensed to be a maintenance or repair worker, you may need to get licensed in specialized areas like plumbing or electrical work.

  • Option 1: Learn Skills from On-the-Job Training

  • Option 2: Learn Skills in a Trade Program

    Because maintenance workers need to know about a wide range of skills, trade schools have general construction and maintenance courses to cover the various topics. You can earn an associate’s degree if you find a program at a community college.

  • Get Licensed in Specialized Areas

    Depending on the state, you could be required to get licensed in specialized areas like electrical or plumbing. These certifications will show that you have the qualifications necessary in these skilled areas.


Customer-Service Skills

Workers interact with customers on a regular basis. They need to be friendly and able to address customers’ questions.


Many repair and maintenance tasks, such as repairing small devices, connecting or attaching components, and using hand tools, require a steady hand and good hand–eye coordination.

Troubleshooting Skills

Workers find, diagnose, and repair problems. They perform tests to figure out the cause of problems before fixing equipment.

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